Information about Nigeria
Nigeria is an amalgam of ancient Kingdoms, Caliphates, Empires and City-states with a long history of organized societies. Its boundaries were drawn as a result of trade (from slavery to pepper or ivory) and overseas territorial ambitions of Western European powers in the 19th century. The name Nigeria was adopted in 1898 to designate the British Protectorates on the River Niger.
The National Coat of Arms and Its Meaning
The top of the coat of arms is an eagle, red in color, depicting Nigeria’s strength. The eagle is mounted on a wreath which is rendered in the national colors.
The eagle and wreath rest on a shield. The shield, black in color, signifies the fortuitous qualities of the land in cultural, mineral and solid resources.
The Y-shaped, silver- colored wavy band in the middle of the shield represents the two major rivers in the country viz. River Niger and River Benue.
Two white horses support the shield on either side. These signify dignity. The base upon which the shield rests is Coctus spectabilis, a wild flower that grows in many parts of the country.
Underneath all of these is the motto of the country which reads: “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress.”
The National Flag
Nigeria’s flag is a rectangular strip divided into three equal parts viz. green, white and green. The green depicts the country’s land and agriculture potential while the white depicts peace and unity. It may be useful to note that the two horizontal edges are longer than the vertical edges.
The National Anthem
Arise, O compatriots Nigeria’s call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labour of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom
Peace and unity.
O God of creation, direct our noble course
Guide thou our leaders right
Help our youth the truth to know
In love and honesty to grow
And living just and true
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation where peace
And justice shall reign.
The national anthem was adopted in October 1978 and the music was composed by Mr. Ben Odiase the director of music, Nigeria police band.
The national pledge
I pledge to Nigeria, my country
To be faithful, loyal and honest,
To serve Nigeria with all my strength
To defend her unity
And uphold her honor and glory
So help me God.
Six Political Zones of Nigeria: States and Capital
North central North East North West
Benue Makurdi Adamawa Yola Jigawa Dutse
Niger Minna Bauchi Bauchi Kaduna Kaduna
Katsina Katsina Borno Maiduguri Kano Kano
Kogi Lokoja Gombe Gombe Kebbi Birnin kebbi
Kwara Ilorin Taraba Jalingo Sokoto Sokoto
Nassarawa Lafia Yobe Damaturu Zamfara Gusau
South West South East South South
Ekiti Ado - Ekiti Abia Umuahia Akwa - Ibom Uyo
Lagos Ikeja Anambra Awka Bayelsa Yenogoa
Ogun Abeokuta Ebonyi Abakaliki Cross River Calabar
Ondo Akure Enugu Enugu Delta Asaba
Osun Osogbo Imo Owerri Edo Benin
Oyo Ibadan Rivers Port Harcourt
Rulers of Nigeria till date
Nigeria has had past Presidents till date and listed below are the Biographies of the Past rulers of Nigeria till date.
Benjamin Nnamdi Azikwe
Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi
General Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Yumma Gowon
General Murtala Ramat Mohammed
Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari
Major General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida
Ernest Adegunle Oladeinde Shonekan
General Sani Abacha
General Abdulsalami Alhaji Abubakar (rtd.)
Olusegun Mathew Okiola Aremu Obasanjo
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan